PRINCIPLES FOR A .HEALTH TOP-LEVEL DOMAIN
The Health Internet
World Health Organization
A trusted environment for the health Internet is essential and fully avaliable. It is critical to health security, health and medical education, the protection of privacy and the promotion of public health on a societal scale. Health it the most supervised sector i most countries.Nevertheless the idea of the Internet makes national laws difficult to put in force. Therefore, it is imperative that the management and operation of health-related generic top-level domains (gTLDs), including .health, be consistent with public health objectives in order to serve the public, civil society, governments and industry on a global scale.In its Beijing Communique to the ICANN Board, the Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) recommended the adoption of a set of generic safeguards in order to strengthen existing processes for raising and addressing concerns with convinced strings, including health-related gTLDs. The GAC was scared, because some strings, including health-related gTLDs, may needed further targeted protection to address specific risks.In light of the above, the World Health Organization calls on the ICANN Board to require the adoption without limit, by any third party potentially worthy as operator of the .health gTLD, of the protection developed by the GAC as well as the following governing principles, and that together they should govern a future .health gTLD:
A good management model should have the essential contribution of the global health community and stakeholders ? including civil society, academic institutions, professional associations, businesses, governments and international organizations ? to continuously development of the health Internet , be built-in from the outset and its use. What is more, the framework for the policies and practices should be constat with legal and regulatory frameworks.
To build public trust, policies and protocols should be clear, legible fair process and accountability. Users should have current, avaliable and actionable information that may be relevant to their rights and interests. Principles of trustworthy must be implemented, and clearness should be the guiding principle to allow consumers to define the quality of the information posted
Consequence and effectiveness in protecting our data is very important, as society moves towards wider uses of personal information, that can be easily stored, analysed and shared. The .health gTLD should observe by all suitable laws on privacy and data protection, including any health and medical laws. Internet users should be able to understand how their personal data may be used, exercise control over it, and be sure that it will be handled legal..
Codes of conduct
The .health gTLD registrars should implement codes of conduct that are fundamental by effective responsibility mechanisms and enforceable under appropriate governmental authority. Codes of conduct should include all of concerns on the health category. These range from quality and reliability of health information sources to reliable products, services and practices, to conduct of illegal activity, including malicious, misleading and unfair practices.
Health providers and businesses should deliver health products and services over the Internet in a way that promotes multitasking of services and technologies, where appropriate, while ensuring legitimate activity. Users should be able to access and generate lawful content and run applications. Marketing practices, even where lawful, should not create a risk to consumers; Good enough information about the terms, conditions, and costs related with a transaction should enable them to make informed decisions.
Adoption of such right and sound governance, principles and rules for the .health gTLD would set a safe and trustworthy space on the Internet for health, outside that which is possible now. All over the world the Internet promises for improving the access of people to health knowledge and care. ?Health? is one of the most searched-for topics online. When people feel bad or when they are sick, increasingly they finding out informations on the Internet about their symptoms. They also look for information and products for themselves and their families. Health institutions and industry are part of this thing ? it is sharing patient records, providing some services and conducting the business of health.
These Governing Principles and GAC protections would offer the clarity, quality, security and control,which is needed for online health services to prosper, while protecting consumers and industry from the serious deception and abuse widespread nowaday. Than, a reliable and trustworthy Internet would make possible the exchange of sensitive health information during joint work in emergencies such as disease outbreaks, tragic accidents and natural disasters and increase the ability of health authorities to share and analyse diverse and having benefit data from many sources. Establishing very important principles for the .health gTLD is should ensure, the Internet can take its an active part in supporting global public health.
Individual choice and control
Internet users should be aware how to control data, which is disclosed about them. They should be very crefull with sharing their data. Everything what you ever share in the Internet, stay there forever. So users should have abilities to limit the sharing of their data with third parties (including, among other things, for research and marketing purposes) and what is also very important - to revise their decisions at any time. It is because ordinary users are not a professionalists, so they can make more mistakes.
Legal and regulatory framework
Policies for the .health gTLDs should ensure protection of fundamental rights, as well as a process to protect those rights. There should be fair, effective and current mechanisms to address complaints, without a fee, and effective ways to solve the problems and obtain recompense. In all cases, illegal activity must be quickly acted against. You can easly know opinon of others