NEW GENERIC TOP-LEVEL DOMAINS
The introduction of several generic top-level domains over the years
The introduction of several generic top-level domains over the years had continued the demand for more gTLDs. The gTLD became popular, and ICAAN received many propositions of made new top-level domains. Followers argued for a diversity of models, ranging from adoption of policies for unrestricted gTLDs to chartered gTLDs for specialized uses by specialized organizations. In 2008 became a new idea of provide rigoristic application process for a new domains, adjusted to restricted naming policy open gTLDs, community-based domains, and internationalized domain names (IDNs). According to a guidebook published by ICANN, a community-based gTLD is "a gTLD that is operated for the benefit of a defined community consisting of a restricted population" All other domains fall under the category open gTLD, which "is one that can be used for any purpose consistent with the requirements of the application and evaluation criteria, and with the registry agreement.It is possible that an open gTLD may or may not have a formal relationship with an exclusive registrant or user population. It may or may not employ limit or use restrictions." The initiative of new gTLDs in this program required to management of registrars, the activities of a domain registry and presentation of technical and financial capacity for such operations. Know more about gTLDs.
On June 2011 ICAAN widely voted to end the most restrictions on the process of naming generic top-level domain. Organizations and companies would be able to choose any top-level domain, they want. Also, using non-latin characters such as Arabic, China or Cyrlic would be allowed in gTLDs. Accepting applications for the new gLTDs began on January 2012. According to exploration by registrar Melbourne IT determined that most likely applied entertainment and financial brands. ICANN expected that the first new gLTDs would be able to run on September 2013, but the new rules has changed the internet's face:Today's decision will usher in a new internet age. We have provided a platform for the next generation of creativity and inspiration. Unless there is a good reason to restrain it, innovation should be allowed to run free.Industry analysts predicted 500?1000 new gTLDs, mostly reflecting names of companies and products, cities and generic names like bank and sport. According to Theo Hnarakis, chief executive of Melbourne IT, the decision would "allow corporations to have better control of their brands. Your own gTLD demonstrates confidence and vision and may make faster your brand and its value. An Internet address at the Top Level is much better and with benefits to your company or organization than registration at the low rent Second Level." But, some companies, like Pepsi, executed a branded gTLD.
The term sponsored top-level domain is derived from the fact that these domains they are based on names proposed by organizations or agencies, which ale responsible for rules the eligibity of registrants to use TLD.The new gTLD programme saw the incoming The new program had to enter selection of names of domains, with the restricted open policy, choose those, which are the most active in regulated industrysuh as .pharma or .bank, or in other industrial domains such as .safety
The problem of brands is how to applying to get their domains as brand as top-level domains. There is a specification 13, which is an equivalent to the registry contract that includes specific provisions to brand to run their top level domain. There was 517 applications to qualify to specification 13 were made to ICANN. 36 requests were rejected or withdrawn and 4 of them are pending review..
A geographic TLD is a gTLD domain which is using name or invoking with geopolitical, ethnic, linguistic or cultural community. From 2009 there were existing only two of GeoTLDs the sponsored domains .cat, for the Catalan language and culture and .asia. From 2014 there were many more like .paris, .gal, .kiwi and much more common names.